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January 11 A newspaper called the Vancouver
Times appeared, with retired general Victor Odlum as publisher.
The paper had a very short life.
January 24 Sir Winston Churchill died, aged
90. There is a good brief biographical sketch here.
January 29 Grouse Mountain Skyride opened
to skiers. The official opening will be February 2.
February 15 The new Canadian flag was hoisted
at 6 a.m. at Vancouver city hall. Because of the time differential,
this was the first appearance of the flag in Canada after its official
February 17 A testimonial dinner for Premier
W.A.C. Bennett was held at the Hotel Vancouver on occasion of his
becoming the longest-serving premier in B.C.s history: 13
years. He would go on to serve seven more years.
March 7 Drugstore pioneer George Cunningham
died in Palm Springs, California, aged about 76. George Torrance
Cunningham was born, writes Constance Brissenden, on
an oxcart trail in North Dakota in 1889. His family arrived in New
Westminster in 1891. In 1904 he was hired as an apprentice druggist
at Woodward's, later worked at William M. Harrison's classy
drug store/post office. He graduated from the Ontario College of
Pharmacy in 1909, studied in New York and Chicago. At age 21, in
February 1911, he opened his No. 1' Cunningham Drug Store
at Denman and Nelson. He bought the Vancouver Drug Store chain in
September, 1939, building his own chain from 12 to 35 stores. He
would eventually command a 52-store empire. He was named Man of
the Year in 1948 by the Independent Retail Drug Association. In
1955 he became a Vancouver alderman, having topped the polls. He
served to 1957. He was chair of the UBC Board of Governors.
The Cunningham stores were purchased by Shopper's Drug Mart.
March 19 Violet Pooley Sweeny, golfer, died
in West Vancouver, aged 78. She was born, writes Constance
Brissenden, December 18, 1886 in Victoria. She was known as
the Queen of Northwest Golf, and first played at age
eight. In 1905 she won the first of seven Pacific Northwest and
nine B.C. championships. She moved to Vancouver, and in 1915 married
Bimbo (Sedley Campbell) Sweeny (born October 16, 1888 in Vancouver;
died February 12, 1966 in West Vancouver), a famed rugby player
and rower. She sold cars for Consolidated Motors on W. Georgia,
then demonstrated the basics of the golf swing at McLennan, McFeeley
& Prior sports and hardware store. She was inducted posthumously
into the B.C. Sports Hall of Fame in 1974. See Backspin, 100
Years of Golf in B.C. by Arv Olson. There is an excellent
brief bio here.
March Famed opera singer Marilyn Horne appeared
in the VOAs production of Rossinis The Italian Girl
in Algiers (LItaliana in Algeri).
April 24 Duncan Bell-Irving, aviator, died
in Vancouver, aged 70. He was born August 28, 1894 in Vancouver,
the son of Henry Ogle Bell-Irving. Duncan was Canada's first WWI
flying ace: as a member of the RFC, he shot down six planes and
a balloon. During WWII, he commanded an RCAF training school at
Trenton, Ont. The book Gentleman Air Ace was written by his
sister, Elizabeth O'Kiely.
May 10 Work commenced on clearing a portion
of a 58-acre site for the Gardens of Gethsemani in south Surrey.
Financed by the Archdiocese of Vancouver, it was the first regional
cemetery and mausoleum to serve the needs of Catholics and their
families in the Lower Mainland. There is a full-service Catholic
June Betsy (Elizabeth) Flaherty, private pilot,
died in Vancouver, aged about 87. She was born c. 1878. A buyer
for Spencer's department store, she was a passenger on Trans-Canada
Airlines' first cross-Canada flight. She was over 50 when she received
her license (the second granted to a woman in Vancouver) on December
16, 1931, making her the oldest female pilot in Canada. In 1936,
she was the oldest founder of The Flying Seven Canadian Women Pilots,
flying out of Sea Island, the forerunners of a splendid air
movement. During WWII, club members trained women in parachute
packing, fabric work and other aspects of airplane care. See Daring
Lady Flyers by Joyce Spring and No Place for a Lady by
Shirley Render. (Note: Pioneering Aviation in the West, a
1992 book by Lloyd M. Bungey, published by the Canadian Museum of
Flight and Transportation, gives her death date as 1968. Were
not convinced yet.)
August 5 Eleven months to the day after its
first edition appeared, The Vancouver Times ended publication.
It had first appeared September 5, 1964. By early 1965, with just
50,000 subscribers, the newspaper was in financial trouble. In May,
1965 they began to cut costs, asked shareholders to purchase more
stock, and offered an annual subscription rate of $15down
from $18to furnish needed working capital. On
June 23 they lowered the daily edition cost from ten cents to five.
Our thanks to site visitor Larry Morton. He has every
edition of the Times published, and compiled this information for
For excellent detail on the short life of the paper,
August 16 The largest crowd in B.C. racing
history turned out to watch as Wakefield, England-born Johnny Longden
rode his 6,000th winner at Exhibition Park. Wrote the Provinces
Alf Cottrell: Legendary jockey Johnny Longden got a kiss from
his wife Hazel in the winners' circle at Vancouver's Exhibition
Park as he celebrated his 6,000th win as a jockey. Longden reached
the historic milestone on local industrialist Art Fouks' steady
veteran Prince Scorpion, after a masterful ride climaxed by a stern
stretch drive. The little Englishman was the first jockey in history
to ride 4,871 winners, for that was the point at which he passed
England's Gordon Richards . . . in 1956. Longden was the first rider
to get 5,000 winners . . . Now word of his latest feat will flash
all over the world, including Taber, Alberta, the little town where
he was raised. Longden had started his racing career in Canada
and wanted to record this historic riding achievement before the
September 9 Simon Fraser Universitythe
sponsor of 1965 in The History of Metropolitan Vancouveradmitted
its first students on Burnaby Mountain. Designed by Arthur Erickson
and Geoffrey Massey, the university had been builtthanks to
the hard-driving Dr. Gordon Shrumwithin two years. 2,500 students
enrolled. The official opening was presided over by Lord Lovat,
whose name was Simon Fraser, and who was the 24th head of the Fraser
clan. He told an audience of 5,000 about the Fraser family crest,
which had been adapted and adopted by the university. There
are strawberries all over our crest because the name Fraser came
originally from la fraise, French for strawberry. Our
ancestors came to Scotland by way of Normandy and England.
Simon's second great-grandson, Donald Fraser of Fargo, North Dakota,
beamed proudly from the audience.
SFU pioneered the year-round trimester systemself-contained
l6-week semestersa radical departure from the traditional
academic year, with new possibilities for work and study. It developed
the Oxbridge system of tutorials, in which students,
guided by tutors, were left to their own resources. Large lectures
are supplemented with small discussion groups. Admission requirements
were relaxed for bright high-schoolers and mature students. Whiz
kids and grandparents have always shared classes. And in 1965 SFU
was the only university in Canada to offer athletic scholarships
for academically qualified students.
For an excellent overview of the university, see
this site and for 40th anniversary events see
September Vancouver City College opened at
the King Edward Centre at Oak Street and West 12th Avenue, in a
1905 building that had housed King Edward High School. VCC was the
first two-year community college in Canada. It was formed by bringing
together the Vancouver School of Art, established in 1925, the Vancouver
Vocational Institute, established in 1949, and the King Edward Senior
Matriculation and Continuing Education Centre, established in 1962.
In 1974 it would become Vancouver Community College.
October 22 Alvo von Alvensleben, one of BCs
first millionaires and an important Vancouver realtor, died in Seattle,
aged 86. Its estimated he pumped $7 million into the provincial
economy in the years before WWI. He was one of our most colorful
characters. One of my favorites of many, many stories about Alvo:
He arrived in Vancouver with about $3 in his pocket, made a living
partly by selling game birds he had shot in the Fraser Valley, which
he sold to a haughty head waiter at the back door of the Vancouver
Club. A few years later, now a millionaire through real estate dealings,
he proudly entered the front door of the club as a member . . .
and snubbed the waiter. One of Alvos homes is now Crofton
House School for Girls. See this
October 29 Christy Clark, cabinet minister
and MLA for Port Moody-Westwood, was born in Burnaby. She grew up
in a political home: her father Jim was a three-time candidate for
the Liberals in Burnaby.
October 30 Actor John Drainie died, aged 49.
He was born in Vancouver April 1, 1916. Drainie was called by many
the greatest radio actor in the world. Not just in Canadathe
world. He mastered nearly every accent and dialect in the
English world, said a cohort. Not only could Drainie
imitate the voices of six different people in one program, he was
able to simulate the sound of a telephone ringing, telephone dialling,
a busy signal and even the sound of a bell over a grocery store
door. He was Jake on CBC Radios Jake and the Kid, he
played Stephen Leacock to perfection, and there were hundreds of
November 1 Austin Cottrell Taylor, financier,
died in Vancouver, aged 76. He was born January 17, 1889 in Toronto,
came to B.C. in 1917. In the 1930s, he was an owner of the Bralorne
gold mine and one of the city's wealthiest people. He raised race
horses at his A.C.T. stock farm in Langley. His horse Indian Broom
placed third in the 1936 Kentucky Derby. He owned Shannon Estate
(Granville and 57th), now converted townhouses. During WWII Taylor
worked for war minister C.D. Howe for one dollar a year. In 1942
he chaired the B.C. Security Commission which interned the Japanese.
He was awarded the CBE in 1947 for his wartime service. He chaired
the B.C. Emergency Flood Committee which handled fundraising for
victims of the 1948 Fraser flood. His daughter Patricia married
the prominent American conservative commentator William F. Buckley.
November 22 Edith McConnell Stewart-Murray,
journalist, died in Victoria, aged about 65. She was born in Montreal
in 1900. She lived in Vancouver from 1904 to 1958, then moved to
Victoria. Her father, John P. (Black Jack) McConnell, with brother-in-law
T.S. Ford, founded the Morning Sun, the forerunner of The
Vancouver Sun (1912). She was a columnist and women's page editor
of the Sun and Vancouver News-Herald for 40 years.
Her best known column was Let's Go Shopping. She was a life
member of the Canadian Women's Press Club.
November 26 Among the dumber questions ever
asked (I know, because I asked it) was this one of Jim Coleman,
doyen of Canadian sports writers and the writer on thoroughbred
racing in this country: Remember when George Royal was named
Canada's Racehorse of the Year? Jim remembered because he
was on the committee that selected him today. Writing earlier in
1965 about a journey George Royal took to Toronto's Woodbine track,
Jim said: He accepted his first-class flight accommodations
with the lordly boredom of an Oriental potentate. He's a cool one
. . . he even tipped the stewardess a bale of hay. There is
an excellent article on George Royals career here.
December 3 Henry Bose Elementary School opened
in Surrey. Bose was born in London, England in 1868, then moved
to Surrey in the 1890s and began farming. He served a year on council,
five years as reeve (1905-10) and more than 30 as a police magistrate.
A road is named for him in Surrey. The school has a friendly and
interesting web site and more information on Bose here.
December 27 The Vancouver Sun and The
Province began publication in new Pacific Press premises shared
at 2250 Granville Street. For a little more than 30 years this would
be where the two papers were published. Curiously, although that
building is now gonereplaced by upscale condosthe earlier
homes of both papers are still around: The Province's old
home was the Carter-Cotton building at the southeast corner of Cambie
and Hastings, with the old Sun tower just a couple of blocks away
at 100 West Pender.
Pacific Press had started in 1958 as a response to
the rising costs of producing newspapers. The Sun and the
Province merged their mechanical and financial departments,
a change that had been happening in two-newspaper cities all over
North America. The move by both papers to the 2250 Granville building
was the next step. The two papers had been virtually next-door neighbors
for more than 50 years already. When the Sun started in 1912
it was at 125 West Pender, just around the corner from the Province.
Then, in March 1937, a fire destroyed the Suns business
and editorial offices. (There was just one casualty: the janitor
suffered minor burns and smoke inhalation.)
The Sun simply bought the World Building across
the street at 100 West Pender, a funky green-topped skyscraper that
had once been home to the now-vanished Vancouver World. The
Sun staff walked across the street and set up shop, and were
there until the 1965 move. Theyve been out of there for 40
years, but the building is known as The Old Sun Tower to this day.
The two papers next move, in 1997, would bring them to Granville
Square at the north foot of Granville Street, their home today.
(The presses that print the actual papers are in Surrey.)
Also in 1965
Winnipeg-born (1905) Grace McInnis became the first
woman to be a British Columbia Member of Parliament. She established
a tradition: her father, J.S. Woodsworth, was the founder of the
CCF, forerunner of the NDP.
W. Lorne Davies, who will become a 2000 recipient
of the Order of British Columbia, is appointed the director of athletics
and recreation at Simon Fraser University. He will hold that post
for more than 30 years, stepping down in 1997. His OBC citation
read, in part, The athletic program at SFU he built was considered
one of the best in the country. Simon Fraser was the only Canadian
university to offer athletic scholarships and the first to provide
full-time coaches and equipment. Davies established the first endowment
fund to support a university athletic program.
The Variety Club opened a Vancouver chapter, thanks
to the efforts of Harry Howard. Hearing of the efforts of Howard
and others, businessman Jack Diamond invited the group to the Clubhouse
at The Track. He sponsored the dinner meeting and became a charter
member of Tent 47, one of the most productive Tents in Variety's
world. Today, with the word Club dropped to indicate
the openness of the group, Variety - The Childrens Charity
of British Columbia, has raised more than $120 million for BCs
children. Its major fund-raising endeavor is the Show of Hearts
telethon. To quote from Varietys web site: The Show
of Hearts Telethon . . . enables Variety to provide recognition
to its numerous corporate donors and fund raisers. The 39th annual
telethon raised $7,362,410 for BC's children with special needs.
Each year our friends at Global Television provide technical, production
and volunteer support for the Show of Hearts - a remarkable
40-year partnership with Variety - The Children's Charity.
Mushroom Studios was built at 1234 West 6th Avenue
in Vancouver by Al Reuschs Aragon Studios as an orchestral
recording room for special sessions by the CBC. It expanded its
scope and became a favorite recording location for well-known performers.
Among the earliest clients, says Mushrooms web
site were Motown artists Diana Ross and the Supremes.
Legend has it that they cut their tracks here, in the dead of winter,
even before heating had been installed in the building.
Back in 1915 a musical comedy, 50 Years Forward,
premiered at the Imperial Theatre in Vancouver. Among its predictions
for Vancouver in 1965: a woman mayor. We checked: it didnt
Vancouver-born W.H. Bill New began to
teach English at SFU.
The funky old building at Main Street and East 15th
Avenue in Vancouver, originally Postal Station C, later a federal
Department of Agriculture office block, had been empty for three
years. A special investigation branch of the RCMP moved in this
year. The Mounties would be there until 1976.
The Fraser River Harbour Commission replaced the
New Westminster Harbour Board. Now all municipalities adjoining
the river will send representatives to the new Commission which
deals with issues like water pollution and industrial growth.
The Bentall I office tower was completed in downtown
Richmond Square shopping mall opened.
Surrey adopted the concept of five towns
within the municipality: Guildford, Whalley, Cloverdale, Newton
and Sunnyside with sub-units designed as villages and green
bands around each area.
The Smith House at 5030 The Byway in West Vancouver
was designed by Erickson/Massey. In 1967 it will win the Massey
Medal for Architecture.
The Provincial Home for Incurables, mainly for tuberculosis
patients, closed in Marpole. It had been the Grand Central Hotel,
but in 1917 changed to the Home.
Whistler Resort was born. It was originally called
London Mountain, but the name was changed to Whistler, writes Constance
Brissenden, inspired by the whistler marmot that frequents
its rocky outcrops. The first paved road had gone in just
a year earlier. Inaugural ski runs at Whistler Creek opened, built
by the Garibaldi Lift Company, later renamed the Whistler Mountain
Ski Corporation. Franz's Run, named after founder and first president
Franz Wilhelmsen, still exists. See Constances Whistler
and the Sea to Sky Country (Altitude Super Guides, 1995)
The Lions Bay development, battered by Hurricane
Frieda in October 1962, and suffering slowing lot sales, went into
receivership. It would recover a couple of years later.
Mary Isabella Rogers died, aged about 96. She was
the wife of Benjamin Tingley Rogers, founder of the B.C. Sugar Refinery.
Her diary would be the basis for a privately-printed 1987 book,
compiled and edited by Michael Kluckner and J. Gudewill. The book
also contains the recollections of contemporaries and descendants
of Mr. and Mrs. Rogers.
Twin Fountains, a copper/steel sculpture commissioned
by Block Bros. and designed by Lionel Thomas, was installed at 1600
The Middle Arm Bridge, a low-level span over Moray
Channel, was built. This two-lane bridge links the south end of
Oak Street Bridge to Sea Island and the airport, as well as serving
local traffic. It has a steel plate girder swing span, driven by
The Provincial Government established the regional
district concept. The Greater Vancouver Regional District will be
created in 1967.
The tunnel at Vancouvers main Post Office,
built to carry mail to the CPR station, was closed permanently for
that purpose, having proved impractical. It will be used for storage
and creepy movie scenes.
Known as UBC's first skyscraper, the
eight-storey Henry Angus buildinghome to the Faculty of Commerce
and Business Administration, and the first fully air-conditioned
building on the universitys campusreplaced 15 dilapidated
army huts to house both Commerce and all of the Social Sciences.
At the corner of Main Mall and University Boulevard, the building
was named after Dean Emeritus Henry F. Angus, a member of the UBC
faculty from 1919 to 1956.
Charlie Crane died. He was one of the most interesting
people in Vancouvers history. He was both deaf and blind,
but he accomplished much. Charlie was a bright student at the Halifax
and Jericho Hill schools for the deaf and a special student at UBC
from 1934 to 1937the first deaf-blind person to attend university
in Canadian history. He was also outstanding in athletics, particularly
in wrestling. Later in life, due to lack of publicity and support,
Charlie settled into a life of manual work and personal study. He
read voraciously, became an avid Braille book collector, and with
help from others created his own Braille books. He bequeathed his
personal collection of more than 10,000 books to UBC on his death,
and that collection would form the basis of the Crane Library. The
Crane Resource Centre and Library, as its known today, is
one of a kind in Canada. Since 1970 the library and its dedicated
volunteers have recorded talking textbooks and background materials.
The website is here.
The province approved a 340-bed expansion at overcrowded
A new 81-bed acute care hospital opened in Langley.
Vancouver built its first curb ramps for wheelchair
users. (Today, virtually all the sidewalks in the downtown core
have sloping ramps, called curb cuts, for easy access.)
Logistics and Transportation Review, a quarterly
published by the Centre for Transportation Studies at UBC, first
The Pacific Trollers Association Newsletter,
a monthly publication of the Pacific Trollers' Association, first
Pazifische Rundschau/Pacific Review, a fortnightly
newspaper covering German interests, first appeared.
The Peak, a newspaper for SFU students, first
Weekly Stock Charts - Canadian Industrial Companies
began appearing in Vancouver. The same company also began publishing
Weekly Stock Charts - Canadian Resource Companies.
The Great Northern Railway station, next door to
the CN terminal and unused since 1962, was demolished. Using the
CN station, the American railway continued to operate a Vancouver-Seattle
train service for 15 years.
The Vancouver Mounties baseball team, which had disbanded
in November of 1962, returned for the Pacific Coast Leagues
1965 season. The club, alas, would fold for good at the end of the
Skiers bemoaned the fate of Hollyburn, a skiing favorite
since the 1920s: the chairlift shut down and Hi-View Lodge was destroyed
The Royal City Curling Club was formed in New Westminster.
Vancouvers Joan (Rocco) Haines was chosen the
world's best female bowler.
The Royal Vancouver Yacht Club purchased Alexandra
Island, in Centre Bay of Gambier Island.
Paul Deggans welded copper, aluminum and brass
relief sculpture is placed on the north wall of UBCs Education
The Vancouver Playhouse, opened in 1963, presented
its first original Canadian play, Eric Nicol's Like Father, Like
Fun. It told of a crass lumber baron's attempt to contrive his
son's initiation to sex. It was a success here, and would be taken
to Broadway in 1967 with a new title: A Minor Adjustment.
It was not successful there, but Nicol, unbowed, even had fun with
The Dorothy Somerset Scholarship Fund was established.
Perth, Australia-born (June 9, 1900) Dorothy Somerset was an actor/director
and teacher, celebrated for her encouragement of young talent in
the theatre. In 1958 she helped found UBCs drama department.
Writes dance reviewer Max Wyman, U.S.-trained
Iris Garland arrived at Simon Fraser University [in 1965] and developed
a dance program that showcased leading U.S. modernists. Echoes of
these influences were seen for years in the companies created by
Singer/musician Tom Northcott formed Syndrome Records.
Movie director Larry Kent presented his third film
in as many years. In When Tomorrow Dies, writes reviewer
Michael Walsh, moving on to domestic melodrama, Kent cast
Pat Gage as a discontented matron who attempts to recapture her
youth by returning to school and having an affair with her English
According to Mark Leiren-Young, entertainment chronicler,
Isys Nightclub was indirectly responsible for the creation
of one of Vancouvers most respected dance companies. Paula
Ross was working as a showgirl at Isys when she decided to
form her own modern dance company in 1965. The first Paula Ross
Company was made up of other dancers from Isys who wanted
lessons from the classically trained Ross. Her company was a vital
part of the local dance scene until suspending operations in 1987.
Writer Jan Drabek, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
in 1935, came to Canada. He has recalled his upbringing,
Alan Twigg tells us, in a memoir, Thirteen, written
numerous thrillers: Report on the Death of Rosenkavalier,
What Happened to Wenceslas?, The Lister Legacy and
The Statement, plus a Canadian guide to retirement, The
Golden Revolution. He temporarily returned to Czechoslovakia
upon its reversion to democracy, and was subsequently appointed
that country's ambassador to Kenya until 1994. (By then the
country had become the Czech Republic, with the new Slovak Republic
to the east.) In the late 1990s Drabek served as the Czech ambassador
in Tirana, Albania, but is now back in Vancouver. See
this site for more.
In the late 1960s a resurgence in arts and crafts
brought forth a whole new interest in stained and art glass. Students
at Sir William MacDonald Elementary School on East Hastings created
a 14-window art project this year.
Burnaby Lake Arena opened at 3676 Kensington Avenue.
1965 Ford Galaxie 500
- 1884] [1885 - 1891] [1892
[1900 - 1905] [1906
- 1908]