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January 1 Frederick Soward, historian, teacher,
died at 86. Frederick Hubert Soward was born April 10, 1899 in Minden,
Ontario. Smart enough to enter high school at 10, he had to wait
two years. He won a scholarship to the University of Toronto, but
after two years went overseas for First World War experience with
the 48th Highlanders. After the war he studied at Oxford where he
began a lifelong friendship with Lester Pearson. The boy wonder
of UBC's history department, he taught from 1922 to 1966. During
the Second World War he was an adviser to external affairs and assistant
to the secretary of state. Soward headed UBCs history department
from 1953 to 1963, was dean of graduate studies from 1961 to 1965.
Soward was famed on campus for his international affairs lectures.
The 1969 book Empires and Nations contains essays published
in his honor by 14 Canadians, with a preface by Lester Pearson.
January 31 Vancouvers Whitecaps soccer
team declared bankruptcy. Attempts began quickly to form a new team.
It would be born the following year as the 86ers.
January Hall's Prairie School in South Surrey
celebrated its 100th anniversary.
February 10 Bryan Adams, song-writing partner
Jim Vallance and producer David Foster co-wrote Tears Are Not Enough,
an all-star recording that raised funds in Canada's aid for Ethiopia
campaign. It was recorded today in Toronto. For Bruce Allens
role in the recording, and for its effect, see this
February 16 A team skipped by Victorias
Steve Skillings won the Canadian mixed curling championship.
February The Bank of British Columbia bought
the assets of collapsed Pioneer Trust, and opened nine new branches
in Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba.
March 5 Thomas Moore Whaun, political activist,
died at 91. He was born October 22, 1893 in Toisan, Canton, China,
came to Canada in 1907. He was one of the first Asian residents
of West Vancouver, and the second Chinese-Canadian graduate of UBC
(BA, 1927). He worked in the newspaper industry as advertising manager
for Canada Morning News and New Republic Daily, two
of Vancouver's Chinese newspapers. He was known for his nationwide
letter-writing protest against the Chinese Exclusion Act.
March 21 Rick Hansen, paralyzed as the result
of a vehicular accident, left to the cheers of a crowd at Oakridge
Mall in Vancouver to begin his around-the-world Man in Motion tour
by wheelchair. Ricks target: 24,901.55 miles, equal to the
circumference of the world.
Rick had been grievously injured in June of 1973
when a truck hed hitched a ride on overturned. He was a paraplegic
at 15, a kid with, in his own words, three obsessions: fishing,
huntingand sports. Always sports. If you could throw it, hit
it, bounce it, chase it or run with it, I wanted to play it. And
usually I could do it pretty well.
A long, painful (and sometimes angry and self-pitying)
stretch of rehab followed, then Rick got into wheelchair sports.
He was mentored by Stan Stronge, to whom he pays special respect
in his autobiographywritten with Jim Taylor, its a splendid
And then he met Terry Fox. Terrys heroic 1980
Marathon of Hopeand the millions it raised for cancer researchinspired
Ricks journey ended successfully May 22, 1987
to the cheers of thousands at Oakridge, where it had started 26
months earlier. Today, the Rick Hansen Foundation has funneled $158
million into research on spinal cord injury.
Also March 21 Horace Plimley, car dealer,
died at 90. Thomas Horace Plimley was born March 5, 1895 in Victoria,
son of the automobile dealer Thomas Plimley. As a child Horace played
the violin and performed with Professor Edward G. Wickens' children's
orchestra. As an adult he worked for Thomas Plimley Limited. In
1936 he opened a British car dealership in Vancouver.
He was one of three men (the other two were Frank
Morriss and Horaces brother Percy) to start Western Equipment
Ltd in Victoria. After two years, success in selling power transmission
accessories to the forest industry prompted the move to a new location
on Government Street and subsequently to a new headquarters on Main
Street in Vancouver. Western Equipment is now based in Richmond.
March 22 North Vancouvers Linda Moore
skipped her team to the world womens curling championship
in Jonkoping, Sweden, becoming the first B.C. womens rink
to accomplish that feat.
March 27 Maillardville Shopping Centre in
Coquitlam was destroyed by fire.
April 10 Vancouver middleweight Michael Olajide,
Jr. won the Canadian middleweight boxing title at the PNE Agrodome
with a ninth-round TKO over Winnipegs Wayne Caplette.
Spring A new basement wing of the UBC Student
Union Building was completed, completely funded by the Alma Mater
May 27-29 More than 20,000 people greeted
Steve Fonyo for a nationally televised event at B.C. Place Stadium.
Fonyo was very near the end of his cross-Canada walk, a trek inspired
by Terry Fox. He paused at Terry Fox Plaza to place a single white
rose beside the memorial arch before walking into the stadium and
crossing a giant map of Canada. Just after midnight he was on a
Canadian navy ship bound for Victoria and the May 29 finish at newly-named
Fonyo Beach where, at 4:15 in a pelting rain, he poured into the
Pacific Ocean the water he had collected from the Atlantic 14 months
earlier. He wore out six artificial legs and 17 pairs of running
shoes on his long journey. For more, see this
June 1 Weldwood of Canada closed its sawmill
in South Westminster. A shortage of Douglas fir logs led the company
to consolidate its operations in Squamish.
June 8 Blanche Macdonald (née Brillon),
modeling agency executive and First Nations activist, died in Vancouver,
aged 54. She was born, writes Constance Brissenden,
May 11, 1931 in Faust, Alberta. Her First Nations and French
ancestry was a source of pride. She championed Native causes and
feminist ideals. A housewife and mother of two, she opened a modelling
agency and self-improvement school in 1960, later expanded into
fashion, esthetics and make-up artistry training. As CEO, Native
Communications Society of B.C., she launched a journalism program
for Native students. She was a founding member of Vancouver's First
Woman's Network; board member, Better Business Bureau, Modelling
Association of America, Professional Native Woman's Association
and Vancouver Indian Centre. In 1985 she received the YWCA Woman
of Distinction Award for Business and the Professions. A dynamic
and inspiring woman.
June 17 The Mess Hall of the Point Atkinson
Second World War military base in West Vancouver re-opened as Phyllis
Munday House, for use as a Nature House by West Vancouver Girl Guides.
Phyllis Munday, a well-known mountaineer, had a life-long association
with the Guide Movement. She is mentioned often on this web site,
but check the 1920 chronology for more and a photo. Kathryn Bridge
has written Phyllis Munday: Mountaineer (2002).
June 20 One of the most remarkable men in
our local history, Dr. Gordon Shrum, teacher, SFU chancellor, builder,
executive, died in Vancouver, aged 89. He was born June 14,
1896, Constance Brissenden writes, in Smithville, Ontario.
He was a graduate of the University of Toronto (BA, math, 1920;
PhD, 1923). At 29, he crossed Canada in a Model T to teach at UBC.
He was the head of UBCs physics department from 1938 to 1961,
the dean of graduate studies from1956 to 1961. As the first chancellor
of Simon Fraser University (1962 to 1968), he pushed through its
construction in 18 months. Forced to retire when he reached age
65, he chaired the B.C. Energy Board under W.A.C. Bennett. Shrum
oversaw projects such as the Vancouver Museum/Planetarium complex,
the courthouse, and waterfront convention centre. He was awarded
the OBE in 1946, was inducted into the Order of Canada in 1967.
June 23 Canada's worst case of mass murder
occurred as a bomb hidden in a suitcase aboard Air India Flight
182 exploded in the planes forward cargo hold as it approached
the coast of Ireland. The 747, which had left Vancouver International
Airport a few hours before, was 31,000 feet above the Atlanticjust
45 minutes from landing at Londons Heathrow Airport. Some
passengers survived the fall, but drowned in the frigid waters.
Everyone on board329 people, including 82 childrenwas
killed. Many of the people aboard were Canadian citizens of East
Indian descent, and intending to fly on to Bombay or Delhi.
Two baggage handlers at Tokyo's Narita Airport died
in another connected bombing.
More than 20 years later, after the longest, costliest
trial in Canadian history no one has paid for this crime.
Province reporter Salim Jiwa would write extensively
on Flight 182, and has a website
that contains the text of the book he wrote about it.
August 2 The flame at the Stanley Park war
memorial commemorating the Japanese- Canadian contribution during
the First World War was re-lighted. It had been extinguished since
December 8, 1941.
During the First World War, 196 Japanese-Canadians
volunteered to fight for Canada. At Vimy Ridge (fought over four
days in April, 1917) one of them, Sergeant Masumi Mitsui of Port
Coquitlam, led his troop into battle with such distinction that
he was awarded the Military Medal for Bravery. Of those 196 volunteers,
145 were killed or wounded. That remarkable Japanese-Canadian contribution
was honored by the construction in 1925 in Stanley Park of a striking
monument, surrounded by cherry trees, with an electric flame that
was to burn forever.
But the flame was switched off shortly after Japans
attack on Pearl Harbor. It would stay off for more than 40 years.
Like so many others, Masumi Mitsui and his family had been forced
from their home during the Second World War and scattered in internment
camps across the country. Their farm, their house and all its contents
were confiscated. He was so enraged he threw his medals down onto
the desk of the confiscating officer.
But time healed this wound: on August 2, 1985 Sgt.
Mitsui, now 98, one of two surviving Japanese-Canadian soldiers
who had served Canada so bravely, was brought in to turn the light
on again. Mr. Mitsui died in 1987, five months short of his 100th
birthday, and one year before Ottawa issued an official apology
to Japanese-Canadians for the injustices done them during the Second
August 21 A three-member team from BC (Jennifer
Wyatt of Richmond, Patty Grant of Mission and Beach Groves
Joli Pereszlenyi) defeated a team from Ontario to take the Canadian
amateur womens golf championship.
September 5 Sydney J. Risk, theatre pioneer,
died in Vancouver, aged 77. Sydney John Risk was born May 26, 1908
in Vancouver. His early years were spent training with the Old Vic
Theatre School in London, England. He returned to Canada in 1938,
taught drama at the University of Alberta and the Banff School of
Fine Arts, completing his MA at Cornell. He was head of the Banff
school for six summers. In 1946, he founded Vancouver's Everyman
Theatre, the first professional company in Western Canada, and toured
Canadian plays from B.C. to Manitoba until 1953. From 1954 Risk
worked as field drama supervisor of UBC's extension department,
directing plays and teaching across B.C. He was founder in 1952
of Holiday Theatre for children. The Sydney J. Risk Foundation,
established in his honor, offers annual awards for acting, directing
September 10 The Vancouver Canadians won baseballs
Pacific Coast League title, the first for the city after 20 years
September 28 Burnaby runner Lynn Williams
won the Fifth Avenue Mile in New York City.
September Heritage Hall opened at 3102 Main
Street in Vancouver. Charles Keast, the first president of what
was then the Greater Vancouver Information and Referral Service,
had led an initiative to have the City of Vancouver buy the old
Mt. Pleasant Post Office from the federal government, and turn it
into Heritage Hall, a permanent home for five community service
agencies, including Information Services Vancouver, the Junior League
October 8 Neville Scarfe, the founding Dean
of UBCs Faculty of Education, died, aged about 78. A UBC site
gives these details of his outstanding career: Neville Vincent
Scarfe, UBC's first Dean of Education was born in Essex, England
in 1908. He attended the University of London graduating with first
class honours in geography. After teaching geography until 1935,
Scarfe became Senior Lecturer in the Institute of Education at the
University of London where he remained until 1951. Internationally
recognized for his research work in the teaching of geography and
in the principles and philosophy of education, he became Dean of
Education at the University of Manitoba in 1951 and remained there
for five years. In 1956, Scarfe became the founding Dean of Education
at UBC. A consolidation of the University's School of Education
and the Provincial Normal School had given rise to the new Faculty
and College of Education. He continued to guide the faculty until
his retirement in 1973. Throughout his career, Scarfe wrote over
100 articles and gave numerous speeches around the world on education.
As Dean, Scarfe undertook the responsibility of integrating
all professional preparation of public school teachers at UBC. He
also served as a member of the UBC Senate from 1956 to 1973 . .
. His name featured prominently during the creation of UNESCO as
a force in the development of international understanding and humanitarianism
In his outstanding contribution to public education,
says UBC, Neville Scarfe's commitment was unparalleled. His
ideas were creative, provocative and widely respected . . . Neville
Scarfe was a scholar, an administrator, a teacher and a public figurebut
over all, he was a compassionate and tolerant human being. His commitment
to a life of learning will continue to flourish through the lives
of an entire generation of British Columbians.
October 14 Vancouver Croatia won the six-team
Canadian senior soccer championship over Montreal.
October 20 The B.C. rugby team defeated Ontario
31-11 to take the national crown for the third year in a row.
October 30 To mark Orpheum Theatre manager
Ivan Ackerys 86th birthday, the lane behind the theatre was
titled Ackery Alley as a tribute to the master showman.
November 3 Nan Cheney, portrait painter and
the first UBC medical artist, died at 88. Anna Gertrude Lawson Cheney
was born June 22, 1897 in Windsor, Nova Scotia. She enjoyed a close
relationship with Emily Carr in the period before Carr's work gained
fame. Read Dear Nan, Letters of Emily Carr, Nan Cheney and Humphrey
Toms, edited by Doreen Walker. And see this
site, which has a fine short biography.
An excerpt: A prominent figure at the University
of British Columbia in the 1950s was Nan Cheney, the first and only
medical illustrator in the Anatomy Department of our fledgling Medical
School from 1951 to 1956. Her one-person art department was expanded
in 1956 and, under its new director, Victor Doray (whom she had
recruited herself), she continued as medical artist until her retirement
in 1962. In addition, outside of her official university duties,
and after her retirement, Cheney also served as an advisor on Fine
Art purchases, a subject on which she could speak with considerable
For in the British Columbia artistic and literary
communities since the 1930s she had also been a prominent figure,
as a friend of Lawren Harris, Jock Macdonald, Emily Carr, Dorothy
Livesay and Ethel Wilsonand of a host of other artists and
writers, many of whom regarded her as an important early patron
and encourager. She collected the works of many of her friends,
such as B.C. artists Bert Binning, Gordon Smith, Joe Plaskett, Bruno
and Molly Bobak, Alistair Bell and Takao Tanabe. She served on the
board of the Vancouver Art Gallery soon after her arrival in Vancouver
in 1937, and was instrumental in inspiring and arranging Emily Carr's
first Vancouver exhibition in 1938.
November 24 Richmonds Dave Barr and
Brandon, Manitobas Dan Halldorson teamed up to win the World
Cup team golf tournament in La Quinta, California. Their decisive
four-stroke victory earned them a $200,000 payday.
November 27 In a terrific sports year marked
by many national titles won by local athletes, the biggest prize
of all was gained when the B.C. Lions won the 1985 Grey Cup, defeating
Hamilton TiCats 37-24 at Olympic Stadium in Montreal The street
in front of the football club's Whalley headquarters was renamed
Lions Way. The Lions would win the Grey Cup again nine years later
to the day when they defeated Baltimore.
December 9 The first of Vancouver's three
Cambie Street bridges, a two-laner built in 1891, cost $12,000.
The second, with four lanes, opened in 1912 and named for the Duke
of Connaught, Governor General at the time, cost $740,000. The third
and present six-lane bridge, which opened today, cost $50 millionsome
4,167 times the cost of the first. Mayor Mike Harcourt officiated
at this opening, with a very special guest of honor on hand. She
was Isabelle Duff-Stuart, who as a child had presented flowers to
the Duchess of Connaught at the opening of the preceding bridge
73 years earlier.
December 11 The rapid-transit system SkyTrain,
running from Vancouver to New Westminster, began. It followed the
same route through Burnaby as the old interurban tramline. (The
line was later extended to Surrey.) Kyla Daman-Willems,
the Provinces Don Hauka wrote, gets to ride on
SkyTrain all day long. And best of all, she gets paid for it.
As one of the line's 81 attendants Kyla was enthusiastic. It's
very exciting to be involved in something from the time it was on
paper to when it goes into operation . . . I just can't wait to
see what happens. Everyone's dying to see it carry passengers and
do what it was designed to do.
SkyTrain tells us that in the 1997-98 year, they
carried 41,593,000 passengers.
December 31 The runaway winner of the award
for Canadian Newsmaker of the Year? Steve Fonyo. The amputee runner
from Vernon easily out-distanced Prime Minister Brian Mulroney
in the balloting for top Canadian newsmaker by the country's newspaper,
radio and television editors.
Fonyo, 20, said he was shocked by the
news. He didn't realize he'd made so many headlines during his Terry
Fox-inspired cross- country Journey for Lives. Fonyo raised nearly
$11 million for cancer research during his 14-month run, which ended
May 29, 1985, in New Westminster.
December Atlantis Submarines of Vancouver
became the first company in the world to design, build and operate
passenger-carrying submarines. Vessels built by Atlantis will carry
tourists on dives at locations around the world, including Grand
Cayman, Barbados, St. Thomas, Aruba, Hawaii, Guam and the Bahamas.
The Atlantis is a free-swimming, self-propelled submersible capable
of operating at a depth of 150 feet.
Also in 1985
A British Columbian was the first Canadian recording
artist to sell one million albums within Canada. B.C.s Bryan
Adams roared onto the scene this year with Reckless. A single from
the album, Heaven, reached #1.
The tower clock at 757 West Hastings (Sinclair Centre),
there since 1909, was converted to electronic operation. The four
clock fronts were given face-lifts to replace the glass
and dials. The original partsthe winding mechanism and the
old bellwere restored and today are displayed in the Centre's
John Bishop started his now-famous restaurant
at 2183 West 4th. He opened it in the middle of a recession, but
it didnt seem to matter: people came anyway. We let
the ingredients tell us what to cook, Shrewsbury-born (April
12, 1945) Bishop says. A supplier brings in a load of razor
clams, and they become our evening special. Someone picks a bunch
of elderberry blossoms from a tree growing wild, and their distinctive
fragrance inspires a sauce. Blackberries come into season, and we
consider the possibilities of using them different ways, perhaps
in a meat dish. That's the fun of running a small restaurant.
David Strangway became the president of UBC. He would
hold that post to 1997. Strangways tenure at UBC will be marked
by success in fund raising, sparking a leap forward for UBC in advanced
studies and world-level research. Dr. Strangway (his PhD is in physics)
was born June 7, 1934 in Simcoe, Ontario, spent his childhood in
Angola. His Wikipedia site tells us he received a BA in Physics
and Geology in 1956, an MA and a Ph.D in Physics from the University
of Toronto in 1960. In 1970 Strangway joined NASA as the Chief of
the Geophysics Branch and was responsible for the geophysical aspects
of the Apollo missions. In 1972 he was awarded NASAs Exceptional
Scientific Achievement Medal, "given for an exceptional scientific
contribution toward achieving the NASA mission." He worked
for the University of Toronto from 1973 to 1985 and held the positions
of Acting President, Vice-President, and Chairman of the Geology
department. Today, he is chair and CEO of Quest
University Canada which he founded in 1998.
There was a sharp upswing this year in local TV and
movie production. In 1981 some $57.6 million was spent on productions
in BC. That dropped to $39.8 million in 1982, and plummeted to $7.9
million in 1983. Budgets rose again in 1984 to $33.1 million . .
. and then began to take off. Total production budgets this year
were $150 million, and then they started to climb. And climb. And
climb. See this
Movies made locally or with a local connection this
Rocky IV, directed by Sylvester Stallone and
starring Stallone, Talia Shire, Carl Weathers, Burt Young and Dolph
Lundgren. Heres what one visitor to the imdb.com site said
about this film, which he rates as the best of the Rocky
series: I remember I was in Kokomo, Indiana visiting family
for Christmas. My mom and I walked into a packed theater and you
want to talk about a place erupting like a volcano, then this was
the place. When Rocky finally hits Drago to cut him over the eye
and Duke yells He's cut, he's cut!, the crowd went into
a frenzy. And you can look no further than that as to why the Rocky
films were so popular. It doesn't matter if you are Canadian, American,
Portuguese, Polish or Dutch or whatever, Rocky appeals to all of
us. Because all of us have been the underdog at some time in our
lives and we love to watch him and perhaps live vicariously through
him. That is the beauty of Rocky. If Rocky can do it then dammit
so can I!
My American Cousin Directed by Sandy Wilson,
and starring Margaret Langrick. A charming film, with a fine performance
by 12-year-old Langrick, whose family is visited in the late 1950s
by her cousin, a 16-year-old American, striving to be tough. In
any roster of the best Canadian movies, this one nearly always pops
Walls Directed by Tom Shandel, and starring
Winston Rekert, in a drama inspired by a 1975 B.C. Penitentiary
hostage-taking incident. See our 1975 chronology for more detail.
Year Of The Dragon Directed by Michael Cimino,
starring Mickey Rourke, Joan Chen and John Lone. Violent and entertaining.
Some Chinese movie-goers protested against what they perceived as
The Journey Of Natty Gann Directed by Jeremy
Kagan (whos done a lot of work on TV), and starring Meredith
Salenger and a wolf named Jed. In the 1930s, a tomboyish girl runs
away from her guardian to join her single father who is 2,000 miles
away, because there was work there. Jed was the same
wolf later seen in 1991's White Fang.
Certain Fury Directed by Stephen Gyllenhaal,
and described by reviewer Michael Walsh as a female rerun
of 1958's The Defiant Ones, this starred Tatum O'Neal
and Irene Cara.
Books published in 1985 included:
Vancouver Fiction, an anthology edited by
David Watmough, described as an outstanding centennial collection
by Vancouver's world-class writers. Authors included Jane
Rule, Keath Fraser, Audrey Thomas, D.M. Fraser, Keith Mallard and
The Chinese Connection, by Michael Goldberg.
It featured interviews with 80 Chinese real estate investors and
their related Pacific Rim advisors.
School Wars, a critique of B.C. education,
by Crawford Kilian, a Capilano College English professor. (For a
way to access a world of fascinating information that takes you
away from work you should be doing, check out Kilians blog
His tastes are eclectic and perceptive.)
Hubert Evans: The First Ninety-Three Years,
a biography of the writer by Alan Twigg. His 1954 novel Mist on
the River is considered a BC classic. There is a fine recap of Evans
life and career here.
The Natural history of New Westminster, with
contributions by Dana Anderson, et al. It was published by Douglas
Once in the Royal City: the Heritage of New Westminster,
by Jack David Scott, about the citys heritage buildings. It
was described as "a great source of information for buildings,
architects and craftsmen of the mid-19th through to the 20th century.
It contains photographs and historical information on many houses
in New Westminster."
This is my own: letters to Wes & other writings
on Japanese Canadians, 1941-1948 by Muriel Kitagawa. Roy Miki,
ed. The BC
Bookworld site is an always rewarding source of interest
for anyone wanting information on BC writers. Heres what the
site says about Muriel Kitagawa: Tsukiye Muriel Kitagawa was
born in Vancouver on April 3, 1912. Raised mainly in New Westminster,
she graduated from Duke of Connaught High School and briefly attended
UBC. Befriending other Nissei who were anxious to be full-fledged
Canadian citizens with the right to vote and work in any profession,
she helped found The New Age in 1932, the first journal to
regularly print the thoughts, emotions and ideals of Canadian-born
Japanese Canadians. By 1941 she had married the star of the local
Asahi baseball team, Ed Kitagawa and was writing regularly in the
English language periodical New Canadian. Edited by Roy Miki,
her posthumous collection called This Is My Own: Letters to Wes
& Other Writings on Japanese Canadians 1941-1948 (Talonbooks,
1985) consists primarily of letters Kitagawa sent to her brother
Wes Fujiwara, a medical student in Toronto, in the aftermath of
the Pearl Harbor bombing of December, 1941.
The Suspect, by L. R. Wright. This murder
drama set in Sechelt won the Mystery Writers of America Edgar Allan
Poe Award for the best novel of 1985. Her Sechelt police detective
Karl Alberg and his librarian lover Cassandra have become favorites
Working Lives Vancouver 1886-1986, by The
Working Lives Collective.
Study of the Fraser River Estuary pollution problems
resulted in the Fraser River Estuary Management Program, introduced
this year. FREMP is, the website
says, an intergovernmental partnership among federal, provincial
and regional governments and port authorities to coordinate planning
and decision-making in the estuary. FREMP and its partners work
to protect and improve environmental quality, provide economic development
opportunities and to sustain the quality of life in and around the
Fraser River Estuary.
Another benefit: the public now has access to miles
of easy trails along the river's channels, islands and rich tidal
Bonnie Irving took over as editor at BC Business.
The monthly magazine had been launched in 1972 by Joe Martin of
Agency Press. She would be editor for an astonishing 19 years, possibly
the longest tenure of any general-interest editor in the lower mainland.
When she took over, she once said, the magazine was remarkably
dull and boring, with an emphasis on guys in suits standing next
to their big corporate widgets.
Burrard Dry Dock (formerly Wallace Shipyards) became
Versatile Pacific Shipyards. Francis Mansbridges book Launching
History: The Saga of Burrard Dry Dock looks at the story of this
The B.C. Packers cannery at Steveston canned more
salmon this year (24 million pounds, with a further 12 million pounds
frozen) than all the Steveston canneries together in the boom year
of 1901 (16 million pounds).
A dwarf-tossing contest at the Flamingo Hotel in
the Whalley neighborhood of Surrey led to newspaper stories and
comment all over North America.
Former Surrey mayor and MLA Bill Vander Zalm and
his wife Lillian began construction of Fantasy Gardens in Richmond.
A downtown revitalization program began at Horseshoe
Capers, a natural food store and restaurant, opened
at Dundarave in West Vancouver.
Construction began on the New Westminster Quay.
Trinity Western College became a university. The
only private university in B.C. at the time, it stressed leadership,
excellence and Christian ethics.
The West Vancouver Seniors' Activity Centre was awarded
the Canadian Architects' Award of Excellence. It also received the
Canadian Parks and Recreation Association's 1985 Facility Excellence
The Kerrisdale Historical Society erected a memorial
cairn at the site of Sam and Fitz McCleerys homestead to commemorate
these Vancouver pioneers.
Members of the French secret service sank the Greenpeace
vessel Rainbow Warrior, and badly injured skipper David McTaggart.
A Greenpeace website
has a fascinating conversation, conducted by Michael Friedrich,
in which some of the original organizersDorothy Metcalfe,
Dorothy Stowe, Jim Bohlen and Bob Huntertalk about the early
days and, at one point, about McTaggarts beating.
Jim: It wasn't until later that he [McTaggart]
became a convinced environmentalist, after the French had given
him such a bad beating. That was their mistake.
Bob: Yes, on the Vega's second voyage to Moruroa,
the crew was really given a roughing up by the French. But David's
girlfriend, Anne-Marie Horne, managed to take some photos of it.
She smuggled the film off the ship and took it to Vancouver, where
we developed it and immediately realized what we had got hold of.
At the time David was still in hospital.
Jim: We attacked the French for their orgy of
violence. The government in Paris claimed that David had slipped
up and got his bruises and eye injury from that.
Bob: Only then did we publish the photos. It was
a complete knock-out.
It must be said that Greenpeaces earliest organizers
had mixed feelings about David McTaggart. Visit the website cited
here and read the whole thing. Its deeply interesting.
The Lonsdale Quay Market was developed to help revitalize
the Lower Lonsdale area of North Vancouver. The glazed and
galleried interior, wrote architectural historian Harold Kalman,
recalls nineteenth-century iron-and-glass industrial architecture.
The Ismailia Jamatkhana Centre, at 4010 Canada Way
in Burnaby, opened for services. The strikingly beautiful building,
architect Bruno Freschi, is the home of Canada's first Ismaili congregation.
You used to be able to see it more clearly from the road, but trees
obscure it today.
The funky old Orillia apartment block, built at Robson
and Seymour Streets in Vancouver in 1903, was demolished.
Design work began on Canada Place (designed by Toronto's
Zeidler-Roberts Partnership with Vancouver architectural firm Downs-Archambault).
The building will serve as the Canadian Pavilion for Expo 86. Its
distinctive five sails will make it a landmark on the harbor.
Whistler, 1985 population 6,000, got a cemetery.
George Pedersen, president of the University of British
Columbia, resigned to protest cuts in government funding. He was
succeeded by Robert H.T. Smith, who served very briefly before David
Strangway took over in 1986.
Vancouver initiated a parking identification program,
run by SPARC, to enable persons with mobility impairments to park
in specially identified spaces in public and private lots.
The last False Creek mill on Granville Island, a
vestige of the islands industrial past, shuts down.
The B.C. Medical Association began a Speakers
Service, involving doctors who volunteer to speak about medical
issues in their communities.
Magazines that debuted in 1985 included:
B C Woman Women's lifestyle in British Columbia.
Canadian Nursing Home Journal A quarterly
Fraser Forum A monthly publication studying
market solutions for public policy problems.
Glasnik Hrvatske Seljacke Stranke A monthly
publication in the Croatian language, with news of Croatia and Croatian
peoples in BC and elsewhere in Canada,
Pacific Currents: Life and politics in B.C.
Tri-City News This newspaper appeared Wednesday
and Sunday, and was distributed free to households in the Coquitlam,
Port Moody, and Port Coquitlam districts.
Burnaby Credit Union was renamed Harbour Savings.
Lynn Headwaters Regional Park was created, making
4,685 hectares of watershed suddenly accessible to hikers. The rugged
wilderness park offers forty kilometres of marked and back country
trails in North Vancouver's back yard.
The Point Grey Curling Club folded because of dwindling
The Royal Vancouver Yacht Club acquired colorful
Wigwam Inn at the north end of Indian Arm. It was built by Vancouver
realtor Gustav Constantin Alvo Van Alvensleben. He was
managing investments here totalling around $8 million in wood, coal
and land . . . in 1906 dollars. Not bad for a man described by the
CPRs Thomas Shaughnessy as a hare-brained speculator,
nothing more. Alvensleben built the inn as a resort for his
moneyed friends, opened it with a lavish party for 600. It changed
hands several times and was once raided by the RCMP as a gambling
casino. Among its many guests were John D. Rockefeller and John
Ev Crowley Park on S.E. Marine Drive was named for
Everett Crowley, the late founder of Avalon Dairy.
The 23-kilometre-long B.C. Parkway began linking
about 30 parks, paralleling the SkyTrain route between downtown
Vancouver and New Westminster.
The Vancouver Park Board began charging tennis players
Pacific Ballet Theatre, established in 1969 by Maria
Lewis, was renamed Ballet
Hugh Pickett, the Grand Old Man of Entertainment
in Vancouver, officially retired at age 72 from Famous Artists,
the firm he began in 1947. (Hugh died February 13, 2006, aged 92.)
A small company called TheatreSpace (led by artistic
director Joanna Maratta) produced the first annual Vancouver Fringe
Festival, described as a non-juried performing arts smorgasbord
that provides venue, technical support and publicity so that anyone
who wants to put on a show can. It has become, says its website,
an annual event and a September ritual.
Leila Getz created the Vancouver Chamber Music Festival.
For more information, go here.
1985 Bentley Continental
- 1884] [1885 - 1891] [1892
[1900 - 1905] [1906
- 1908]